Automation in Textile Industries

The word "Automation" is not new to the textile industry. It started a decade ago and is now gathering pace, reaching wider areas across the textile world, and India is not left far behind.

 From fiber production stage to retail-end, the Indian textile industry is moving at an impressive pace towards Industry 4.0.

Today, automation is being adopted in all the processes of textile manufacturing namely spinning, weaving, fire manufacturing, ginning, and to some extent in garment making as well. Automation helps in quality improvement and cost competitiveness.

There are various types of laundry sorting system in the Textile Industry.


Automation has a major role in the fiber manufacturing process. To realize flexible manufacturing, robotic techniques have been developed to rapidly change and replace spin packs and spinnerets.

With automatic machines, fiber producers can monitor fiber diameter, temperature, tension control, and its properties during the fiber extrusion process. Automatic machines are used to inspect yarn packages for broken ends, poor package building improper tensions and misidentified packages.

The spinning process has been made faster and smoother with automatic machines. Cotton picking, ginning, and testing are all automated, thus saving a lot of time.

Cotton mixing in blow room is also being automated, resulting in more homogenous mixing of cotton. Carding machines using chute feed systems helps in improving the evenness of the yarns. Auto-corners with splicing and yarn fault detection give better quality yarn. Apart from these, automation has enabled several other advancements and innovations in the yarn forming process.

Use of Automated Inspection Machines

With the increasing competition and quality consciousness of customers, fabric manufactures can't afford to send material that is even slightly less than the best in quality. Hence, it is critically important to inspect each lot carefully.

It is needless to say that manual inspection is not possible as the volume of production is quite large. Therefore, people use Fabric inspection machines so that there is no risk of inferior product hitting the shelves.

There are many textile industries that are currently using wash aisle systems.

The acceptable number of joins and roll size (minimum and maximum) is determined by the apparel manufacturers who are the customers. Also, both parties need to agree upon the trimming or not trimming of fabric edges.

Once the classification of fabric defect is done, a rating system is followed by Quality Control experts. Based on their rating, the lot is approved or discarded.

Yes, it always desirable that the manual process has to be automated. With the advancement in technology, we can choose from the list of smart and more convenient processes. Use of Fabric inspection machines instead of manual inspection is the example of it.

The machines should be smooth, easy to use and understandable to the people working in the inspection work. The design of the machine should be smooth and adaptable. Automatic length counter and overhead and undercarriage lighting arrangement make the defect detection easy.